A composite material is a composition of two or more primary materials together with other composites of similar nature. These constituent materials are usually monomer compounds that are joined together through the application of heat or pressure. These materials are most often molded into shapes and forms and may be combined to form a wide range of objects, including plastics, synthetic rubbers and even light metal alloys. These objects have differing properties depending on their constituent composition but may be strong in specific areas or be sensitive to wear and tear, or both.
The properties of a composite material depend greatly on their constituent mixtures. These mixtures can be arranged in many different ways to achieve different effects, and composites are constructed based on their properties. In general, a composite material is one that has a broad spectrum of properties, which can be mixed and matched to create new shapes and forms. These new shapes and forms can then be used to tackle new challenges and meet new needs. While many composites have a wide range of potential uses, some materials are used in specific industries because of their specific properties.
One example of a composite material commonly used today is plastic. Plastic composites are used for a variety of purposes, such as padding, protective coatings and containers, to name a few. These materials are stronger than the original components, and they can also be formed into thin sheets and mats, thin films and high-density foam. Plastic composites have many advantageous qualities, including ease of fabrication, durability, resistance to impact and weathering, and the ability to be made in a wide range of colors and designs.
Another example of a composite material often used and with good results is rubber. Rubber composites consist of rubber polymers that are engineered so that when these materials are put together, the collective strength of the parts results in an overall increase in strength. This increase in strength makes it easier for the material to resist impacts, and it adds a level of traction to objects so that they are more comfortable to walk on and grip. Additionally, this material is flexible enough to be cut and shaped, but strong enough to remain rigid when fully dried.
A third example of a composite material often seen is metal. Metal composites are generally stronger than the individual components of metal, which is what makes them particularly useful. For example, metal might be mixed with cement to create hollowed out bags that are lighter weight and less brittle. The combination of metal and cements make composite bags waterproof and stronger than simple materials.
Although composites are strong and durable, they are still subject to the normal wear and tear that all materials experience. These materials will eventually need replacing. When replacing your composite materials, you should always select those that are free of defects. You should also replace the material if it becomes scratched or damaged. If these issues are ignored, the new replacement will have a lower strength to weight ratio, and it may even shatter. Therefore, any time you replace a composite material, make sure that you take the time to check for damage and replace the materials as needed.